Kambala is traditionally a simple sport which provides much needed entertainment to the rural people. The track used for Kambala is a paddy field filled with slush and mud. The contest generally takes place between two pairs of buffaloes, each pair raced in wet rice fields, controlled by a whip-lashing farmer. In olden days, the winning pair of buffaloes was rewarded with coconuts and a bunch of plantains and nowadays, gold coins, silver coins are given; in some competitions, cash award is also in vogue. Some organising committees award eight gram gold coin as first prize. However, Kambala today has become an organised rural sport, with elobarate planning and timetable for Kambala at different places.The “Kambala Committee” is formed and it usually arranges Kambala in several categories like Kane Halage, Hagga Hiriya, Hagga Kiriya, Halage,Adda Halage etc. People place massive bets on the buffaloes to win and one can witness more than 20,000 spectators in a well-organised Kambala, egging on and cheering the buffaloes to complete the race. The buffaloes developed for the race are carefully fed and some owners of the buffaloes have even built separate swimming pool for competing buffaloes.
Nowadays as per the laws of the court certain restrictions are made so that the buffaloes are not suppose to be tortured in the race time.